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Startup Transients – Two Case Studies of Reduced-Voltage Starters

whiteleggpic6by Dave Olinger and Ernesto Wiedenbrug, Ph.D.
This paper discusses how voltage and current captures of motors starting at line frequency can be used to diagnose high resistance contact problems, and even  detect whether these problems are up-stream or down-stream from where the  measurements were taken [1-2]. These concepts are applied on startup transient   captures of two 8-pole 100hp motors which are started via 80% reduced-voltage  autotransformers (Fig. 1) [3]. One motor shows a high resistance contact below the  point of measurement, and the other transient capture was used to diagnose a  problem in the autotransformer, which has been verified to be shorts in the  transformer.
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